Roadside Checks: Notes for the cubby-hole - May, 2016 (No.14)
· These guidelines are intended for the general motoring public, and certain sections may not apply to Public Service Vehicles (PSV), (buses and kombis).
· See footnote for sources and references.
BACKGROUND TO THIS UPDATE
Statutory Instrument 129/2015: Road Traffic (Construction, Equipment and Use) regulations replaced SI 154/2010, and came into operation on 14 December, 2015.
ZRP Traffic – Highway Patrol were issued with an updated Schedule of Deposit Fines in February, 2016. Big Sky received our copy from ZRP Traffic in April.
For the guidance of motorists, this update reflects the most frequently encountered requirements of the various acts, including SI 129/2015 (Construction, Equipment and Use) Regulations, and the relevant Deposit Fines.
The Zimbabwe Republic Police (ZRP) apply a Schedule of Deposit Fines for a range of vehicle equipment, use, licensing, etc., offences discovered during roadside checks. The most common examples are listed here. The maximum deposit fine a police officer can legally impose is $20 per offence. (A level 3 fine). A fine higher than level 3 can only be imposed by a magistrate after a court appearance.
Deposit fines are imposed per offence, and if found with more than one ‘issue’, the police officer can ‘add them up’. The deposit fines listed in this document will assist with calculations.
HOWEVER – ZRP may not “double up” the fines listed. For example Sect. 39(2) No white front reflectors - $20. The maximum fine that can be imposed is $20, NOT $20 per non-compliant reflector, i.e. $40.
The ZRP member will complete an Admission of Guilt form (Z.R.P. N.TFC), with particular attention to the Charge (Section and Statutory enactment) field, which details the regulations being contravened. A copy of the legible and completed Z.R.P. N.TFC form is essential for any motorist who wishes to query the deposit fine. Form 265, providing the facility of paying a fine within 7 days, is NOT currently allowed as an option.
ROAD TRAFFIC (CONSTRUCTION, EQUIPMENT AND USE) REGS., SI 129/2015
Motorists should be aware of this note appearing in the Schedule of Deposit Fines (page 4):
Note:- The deposits as listed in this item* are to be regarded as maximum fine for offence committed. Where the offence has occurred for example on a bright moonlight, or in a clearly lit area, the deposit may be halved.
Unquote *(Big Sky – infringements to do with lights)
Pass-lamps or fog-lamps – Sect. 19
1. A motor vehicle may, in addition to headlamps, be equipped with not more than two “pass-lamps” or “fog-lamps”
2. To be fitted at height not exceeding 600 mm above the ground, and so focused and directed as to avoid dazzling the vision of the driver of any approaching vehicle on a level road.
Note: The Schedule of Deposit Fines states: c.s 19(2) Use fog or pass lamps together with headlight, per lamp - $20. Motorists are being fined $20 per lamp, total $40, for a) use of fog lamps and headlamps simultaneously, b) in daylight and c) at night
The opinion of Big Sky and our advisors:
1. There is no reference under Sect. 19 to it being an offence to use Fog lamps and Headlamps simultaneously, either during daylight hours (6:30am to 5:30pm) or at night.
2. ZRP might be relying on RGN 412/1972 which stated “The driver of a motor vehicle on a road shall not use pass-lamps or fog-lamps at night when the headlamps of such vehicle are being used.” However, RGN 412/1972 was repealed by SI 154/2010 and subsequently by the current SI 129/2015.
3. Therefore the fine listed in the Schedule of Deposit Fines has no legal basis and should be removed. Finally, although academic, a fine of $20 per lamp, a total of $40, exceeds the Level 3 fine limit of $20; and cannot be imposed as a roadside fine but only by a magistrate after a court appearance.
Stop lights (brake lights) – Sect. 24
All motor vehicles and trailers are to be equipped with at least two red stop lights. To be kept clean, undamaged, properly secured and in working condition.
Rear registration plate light – Sect. 26
All motor vehicles, motor cycles or trailers are to be equipped with at least one white lamp capable of illuminating the rear registration plate. To be kept clean, undamaged, properly secured and in working condition.
Spot lights – Sect. 28
1. A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two spot lights, fitted at the front of the vehicle at a height below the headlamps (headlamps are referred to in Sect. 18).
2. A spot light fitted to a vehicle and used solely for the purpose of “hunting, searching and night repair work” may be fitted above the height of the headlamps.
Note: There is no reference under Sect. 28 to it being an offence to use Spot lights during daylight hours (6:30am to 5:30pm).
c.s 24(1) No serviceable stop lights [motor vehicles] $10
c.s 26 No rear number plate light $20
c.s 28(2)(a) Spot lights above height of headlamps Not stated
c.s 28(3)(a) Vehicle equipped with more than two spot lights Not stated
c.s 28(3)(b) Use spotlight unlawfully at night $15
Warning triangle (referred to as visual warning device) – Sect. 52
1. Two red triangles are mandatory.
2. To be reflective both sides.
3. Length of sides: 42,5 cm
4. To be marked with the manufacturer’s name, a serial number and year of manufacture.
5. A pair is required for a trailer as well as for the towing vehicle.
Note: Triangles are not required to be SAZ approved. As long as the triangle is stored in an easily accessible “light-tight” compartment, it is not essential the triangle is carried in an opaque container.
c.s 52(1) Insufficient triangles (two for each drawn vehicle/trailer) $10
c.s 52(4) (Owner) Fail to carry red warning triangles (one only) $10
c.s 52(4) Fail to display triangle as prescribed at night (one rear) $10
Spare wheel, tools and fire extinguisher: all vehicles – Sect. 53
It is mandatory for a motor vehicle to carry:
1. A “serviceable” spare wheel
2. An “efficient” jack
3. A wheel-brace or wheel-spanner capable of undoing the vehicle’s wheel nuts
c.s 53(1)(a) No serviceable spare wheel [all motor vehicles] $10
c.s 53(1)(b) No serviceable jack $10
c.s 53(1)(c ) No wheel spanner or wheel brace $10
Note: There is no reference to it being an offence to carry a ‘space saver’ spare wheel. The type of jack is not specified, e.g. scissor, bottle jack, etc.
The opinion of Big Sky and our advisors:
1. Sect. 53 (1) (a) states the spare wheel must be serviceable, in the same way a fire extinguisher must be serviceable. If your spare wheel is inflated, has sufficient tread and is suitable for use, ZRP should accept it.
2. However ZRP is applying Sect. 14 (6) (a) No person shall drive on any road a vehicle if - (a) any tyres on any one axle of the vehicle are of a different size or type or construction. Which would be the case if the space-saver tyre was being USED in the event of an emergency.
3. In practice, while the space-saver is stored in its compartment, the motorist is complying with both Sect. 14 and Sect. 53.
4. The greater risk to life for motorists is driving with full size, unsecured wheels in small passenger compartments, in an attempt to comply.
1. Mandatory. 0,75kg (light vehicles) and 1,5kg minimum (heavy vehicles). 0,75kg are not generally available so 1kg units are commonly purchased.
2. To be SAZ approved “or any other International Standards Authority”, and displaying the mark of the applicable Standards Authority.
3. To be serviceable.
Note: The colour of the fire extinguisher is not specified. Our understanding of “serviceable” is the extinguishers must be refillable. There is no legislation we are aware of requiring the above units to be serviced, however regular servicing is recommended. To be professionally refilled when in the red, i.e. above or below pressure.
The provisions of Sect. 53 – Spare wheels, tools and fire extinguishers – do not apply to foreign registered vehicles that are in transit or on a temporary entry permit.
c.s 53(1)(d)(i) No serviceable fire extinguisher light m/v (0.750kg) $10
c.s 53(1)(d)(ii) No serviceable fire extinguisher heavy m/v (1.5kg) $10
Fluorescent safety jacket – Sect. 74 (4) (b)
Mandatory for pedal cyclists and motor cyclists at night, and must be SAZ approved.
Note: Carrying a fluorescent safety jacket is NOT mandatory for motorists but recommended for personal safety. (It is mandatory in Mozambique).
c.s 74(4)(b) Not carrying a fluorescent safety jacket (pedal and motor cyclists) Not stated
Retro reflector: general requirements – Sect. 32
1. “Retro reflector” (or reflective tape), shall be of the honeycomb grade (high intensity grade) or diamond grade.
2. To be circular, rectangular or circular in shape.
3. If circular, at least 60mm in diameter. A triangular or rectangular shape must have a minimum area of 3 000 mm2.
Note: Although SI 129/2015 refers to Honeycomb grade OR Diamond grade tape, ZRP are only accepting the Honeycomb type. Expect to be fined for anything other than Honeycomb grade. As the width of reflective tape is typically 50mm, a piece of tape 50 X 60mm gives an area of 3 000 mm2
Trailers (including horse-trailers) – Sect. 41
1. All trailers to have a White T (extreme right, front) and Red T(extreme right, rear).
2. A light trailer (load capacity which does not exceed 550 kg) to display a continuous Red retro reflector at the rear of the vehicle, horizontally to within 400 mm of each side of the trailer.
3. ‘Heavy’ trailers (load capacity exceeding 550 kg) must be fitted with a rear warning sign (a red/yellow chevron plate). Sect. 38.
4. GVM/NVM information to be displayed on the left side. Sect.72
5. A light trailer is not required to display GVM/NVM information or to be braked.
c.s. 41(1) No continuous red rear reflectors (light trailer) $10
c.s 41(2) No chevron on the rear (heavy trailer) Not Stated
c.s 41(3)(a) No white front reflective “T” (except construction trailers) $10
c.s 41(3)(b) No red rear reflective “T” (except construction trailers) $10
c.s 72(4) Fail to display gross & net mass on left side of the vehicle(trailer) $10
Note: A light trailer has a load capacity which does not exceed 550 kg. However, the “Schedule of Deposit Fines” states that trailers with a factory rated load capacity of 545 kg or more are classified as “HEAVY”. A load capacity not exceeding 550 kg is the correct description of a light trailer.
The Nett Vehicle Mass stated on the left hand side of a trailer MUST MATCH the Nett Mass (kg) appearing on the trailers’ licence disc. The Deposit Fine is $10.
Sect. 40 - Reflectors on the sides of vehicles are required when a vehicle or a vehicle towing a trailer has an overall length exceeding 8 metres: continuous Amber retro reflectors, horizontally to within 400mm of the outer edges of the vehicle (front and back). Required on all heavy vehicles.
c.s 40(1) No continuous Amber reflector on sides of vehicle (towing, length exceeding 8m) Not stated
Sect. 39 - Light motor vehicles must have two White honeycomb retro-reflectors at the front, and two Red honeycomb retro-reflectors at the rear, within 400mm of the sides.
c.s 39(1) No red rear reflectors $20
c.s 39(1) No white front reflectors $20
1. Must have a continuous strip of White retro reflector at the front, extending horizontally to within 400mm of each side of the vehicle. Sect. 36
2. Heavy vehicles must be fitted with a rear warning sign (a red/yellow chevron plate) at the rear of the vehicle, extending horizontally to within 400mm of each side of the vehicle. Sect. 37
3. GVM/NVM information to be displayed on the left side. Sect. 72 (4)
c.s 36(1) No continuous White retro reflector in front $15
c.s 37 No continuous red retro reflector on the rear (Big Sky: should read CHEVRON) $20
c.s 72(4) Fail to display gross & net mass on left side of the vehicle(trailer) $10
Note: The Nett Vehicle Mass stated on the left hand side of a heavy vehicle MUST MATCH the Nett Mass (kg) appearing on the vehicles’ licence disc. The Deposit Fine is $10.
1. Must have 2 White retro reflectors at the front, within 400mm of each side of the vehicle. Sect. 39
2. To display continuous Red retro reflector at the rear of the vehicle, extending horizontally to within 400mm of each side of the vehicle. Sect. 38
3. GVM/NVM information to be displayed on the left of commercial vehicles (see registration book for details). Sect. 72 (4)
c.s 39(2) No white front reflectors $20
c.s 38(1) No continuous red rear reflector on the rear $15
c.s 72(4) Fail to display gross & net mass on the left side of the vehicle $10
1. “Commercial vehicles” include vanettes, pick-ups and double-cabs, not exceeding 2 300kg NVM. SUV’s (station-wagons) are not classified as commercial vehicles.
2. The requirements under “commercial vehicles” apply whether or not the vehicle is in private use.
3. The Nett Vehicle Mass stated on the left hand side of a commercial vehicle MUST MATCH the Nett Mass (kg) appearing on the vehicles’ licence disc. The Deposit Fine is $10.
WINDSCREENS – Sect. 54 (3) (a)
All glass must allow “no interference with the driver’s vision” and where the glass is tinted, it must ensure a safe degree of visibility.
c.s 54(3)(a) Drive motor vehicle with glass windscreen which does not provide clear undistorted vision/cracked screen $20
USE OF ROADS AND VEHICLES
Towing – Sect. 69
1. The space between the vehicles towing may not exceed 4 metres
2. The nett mass of the vehicle being towed may not exceed the nett mass of the towing vehicle
3. Unless the vehicle being towed is connected to the towing vehicle using a rigid tow bar, the maximum permissible speed is 30 km
4. A motor vehicle may not tow more than 3 trailers
Note: The SI does not stipulate use of a rigid tow bar; only that “the towing vehicle … is to be under proper control”. A rigid bar does provide the best control and is recommended.
c.s 69(1)(a) Tow another vehicle with tow rope longer than 4m $10
c.s 69(1)(b) Tow a motor vehicle using a motor vehicle of lesser nett mass $10
c.s 69(1)(c ) Tow another vehicle which is not under proper control $10
c.s 69(2) Tow more than three trailers $10
c.s 69(3) Towing exceeding 30km, no rigid tow bar, draw bar or craned Not stated
Projecting loads – Sect. 78
If a vehicle’s load projects more than 600 mm beyond the back of a vehicle:
· Daylight hours (6:30am to 5:30pm) –a flag of bright red cloth, at least “600 millimetres square” must be attached at the extreme rear of the load
· At night (5:30pm to 06:30am) – a bright red light must be attached at the extreme rear of the load. A solid square or circular of retro reflector (honeycomb), may be used instead of a bright red light.
Note: Based on our research, we understand the red cloth should be 600 mm x 600 mm. The current SDC regulations for the Conveyance of Loads, refers to 600 mm x 600 mm. As Zimbabwe is adopting SDC signs, etc., we can expect this is and will remain the required minimum.
c.s 78(1) Insufficient or no red flag on extended load of 600 mm – by day $20
c.s 78(2) Insufficient or no red bright red light, reflector on extended load of 600 mm – by night $20
Road Traffic (Safety-belt) Regulations, 1987, SI 147/1987
1. Both a driver and passenger occupying the front seat of a light motor vehicle shall wear a safety belt while driving on a road.
2. “Safety-belt” includes both a lap or diagonal strap.
Note: No reference is made to the wearing of seat-belts in the rear seat, however where these are available, they should be worn for safety reasons and expect to be fined if not being used.
c.s 6(1) Driver fail to wear safety belt $5
c.s 6(2) Passenger fail to wear safety belt $5
Road Traffic Act, Chapter 13:11 - All Light Motor Vehicles (Urban and rural)
1 to 5 km/h in excess of speed limit…………………………… Caution
6 to 15 km/h in excess of speed limit…………………………. $5
16 to 25 km/h in excess of speed limit……………………….. $10
26 to 35 km/h in excess of speed limit……………………….. $15
36 to 50 km/h in excess of speed limit……………………….. $20
Over 50 km/h in excess of speed limit………………………... Court
THE THIRD PLATE
Vehicle Registration and Licensing Act (Chapter 13:14), SI 427/1999 – Sect. 11
1. Vehicles - To date the Third Plate had to be fixed behind the windscreen, however SI 43/2016 (issued 15 April, 2016) provides for placing on the “quarter glass or side window”.
2. Trailer or motorcycle – Shall display a Third Plate carried in a conspicuous position in a waterproof holder.
Note: For ease of inspection we recommend displaying all discs on the left hand side. Where a Third Plate is lost or damaged, the Registrar may issue a duplicate upon payment of an appropriate fee. (Our comments on the Third Plate and details how to arrange replacement are available on request from firstname.lastname@example.org).
c.s 11(4) Tempering with third number plate or deface third number $20
c.s 11(4) Fail to maintain third plate in its self-adhesive laminate $20
c.s 11(4)(b) Fail to affix third plate in a water proof holder $20
OPERATING A CELLPHONE
Road Traffic Act (Rules of the Road) (Amendment) Regs, SI 299/2002 – Sect. 16(b)
1. No person shall drive a vehicle on a public road while holding a cellular or mobile telephone or any other communication device in one or both hands or with any other part of the body
2. While using or operating a …device unless such … device is affixed to the vehicle or is part of the fixture in the vehicle and remains so affixed while being used or operated, or is specially adapted or designed to be affixed to the person of the driver as headgear, and is so used…
3. Headgear’ includes a device which is specially designed or adapted to allow the driver to use a cellular or mobile telephone or other communication device in such a manner that the driver does not hold it in one or both hands or with any other part of the body, and which is connected to the cellular or mobile telephone or other communication device concerned, directly or indirectly, while being fitted or attached to one or both ears of the driver.”
c.s 16(b)(1) Use cellphone whilst driving $20
c.s 16(b)(2) Hold cellphone whilst driving $20
DISTRACTED DRIVING KILLS - DON’T USE A CELLPHONE WHILE DRIVING!!
VISITORS TO ZIMBABWE
Note: The provisions of Sect. 53 – Spare wheels, tools and fire extinguishers – do not apply to foreign registered vehicles that are in transit or on a temporary entry permit.
Embassy contact numbers:
Zambia – (04) 773 777/80 Botswana – (04) 794 645/7/8
S.A – (04) 760404 / 706136 Mozambique – (04) 255871 /72 /73
CONTACT DETAILS – ZRP TRAFFIC – FEBRUARY, 2016
Police General Headquarters – Complaints desk – (04) 703631 (24-hour)
ZRP Public Relations Assistant – Sergeant Govere – 0772 969 485
Spokesperson – ZRP Traffic HQ – Inspector Chigome – 0782 951 537
Officers’ Commanding, ZRP Traffic:
· Bulawayo - Chief Superintendent Nyathi (09) 887916 Cell: 0712874452
· Harare - Chief Superintendent Marufu (04) 777642 Cell: 0716 360 698
- Statutory Instrument 427 of 1999 – Vehicle Registration and Licensing Regulations, 1999
- Statutory Instrument 129 of 2015 – Road Traffic (Construction, Equipment and Use) Regulations
- Statutory Instrument 147 of 1987 – Road Traffic (Safety-belt) Regulations, 1987
- The Road Traffic Act
- The “National Schedule of Deposit Fines”, February, 2016
- The contributions from hundreds of affected motorists and community minded citizens from all over Zimbabwe.
- BIZ Bulletin, published by Howard Deanhoward_dean@zim.co.zw
- Optima Legal, published by Advocate Jeremy Lewis email@example.com
- Automobile Association of Zimbabwe – Matabeleland Branch
- Bill Watch, published by Veritas firstname.lastname@example.org
- With special thanks to David Cruttenden, former chairman of the Transport Operators’ Association of Zimbabwe.
This information is provided for guidance only. Any comments, corrections or queries* are welcome, please email email@example.com follow us on Facebook.com/BigSkySupplies and www.bigsky.co.zw/cubbyhole-notes
*Queries regarding fines that have been paid should be accompanied by a copy of the Admission of Guilt form (Z.R.P. N.TFC)
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